HEMP

HEMP
HEMP, the plant Cannabis sativa called kanbus in talmudic literature. The Mishnah speaks of its fibers as being woven with or without linen (Kil. 9:1). The prohibition of sha'atnez ("the mixture of wool and linen") did not apply to coarse garments and felt shoes, the products of overseas lands, the presumption being that they were sewn with hempen thread (Kil. 9:7). The Jerusalem Talmud (Kil. 9:5, 32d) notes that while in mishnaic times hemp was an important commodity because of the difficulty of cultivating linen, in the days of the amoraim linen replaced it. An interesting comment on the cultivation of linen and hemp in Europe at the end of the 12th century is given by Samson of Sens in his comment on the Mishnah in Kilayim (ibid.) that in his region linen was more expensive than hemp, whereas in Normandy and England it was very cheap. From another strain of hemp (Cannabis sativa var. Indica), grown in southern Asia, hashish is extracted. The use of hemp as a narcotic is extremely old. Herodotus (Historia, 4:75) mentions that the Scythians scattered hemp seeds on heated stones and inhaled the fumes. Hashish is not mentioned however in Jewish sources. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Loew, Flora, 1 (1928), 255–63; J. Feliks, Kilei Zera'im ve-Harkavah (1967), 220f. ADD BIBLIOGRAPHY: Feliks, Ha-Ẓome'aḥ, 145. (Jehuda Feliks)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Hemp — (h[e^]mp), n. [OE. hemp, AS. henep, h[ae]nep; akin to D. hennep, OHG. hanaf, G. hanf, Icel. hampr, Dan. hamp, Sw. hampa, L. cannabis, cannabum, Gr. ka nnabis, ka nnabos; cf. Russ. konoplia, Skr. [,c]a[.n]a; all prob. borrowed from some other… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hemp — [hemp] n. [ME < OE hænep (akin to Ger hanf, Du hennep) < PGmc * hanapa < * kanab , a pre Gmc borrowing < a (? Scythian) base > Gr kannabis: akin ? to Sumerian kunibu, hemp] 1. a) a tall Asiatic herb (Cannabis sativa) of the hemp… …   English World dictionary

  • hemp — n 1) a tall widely cultivated Asian herb of the genus Cannabis (C. sativa) with strong woody fiber used esp. for cordage 2) the fiber of hemp 3) a psychoactive drug (as marijuana or hashish) from hemp * * * n. see cannabis …   Medical dictionary

  • hemp — [ hemp ] noun uncount a plant with strong stems used for making rope. The drug MARIJUANA is made from some types of hemp …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • hemp — O.E. hænep hemp, cannabis sativa, from P.Gmc. *hanapiz (Cf. O.S. hanap, O.N. hampr, O.H.G. hanaf, Ger. Hanf), probably a very early Germanic borrowing of the same Scythian word that became Gk. kannabis (see CANNABIS (Cf. cannabis)). As the name… …   Etymology dictionary

  • hemp — n. type of plant native to Asia; fiber from the hemp plant (used to make rope or twine); hashish, marijuana, narcotic substance from the hemp plant …   English contemporary dictionary

  • hemp|en — «HEHM puhn», adjective. 1. made of hemp. 2. of or like hemp …   Useful english dictionary

  • hemp — [hemp] n [U] [: Old English; Origin: hAnep] a type of plant that is used to make rope and sometimes to produce the drug ↑cannabis …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • hemp — hemp; hemp·en; …   English syllables

  • hemp — ► NOUN 1) (also Indian hemp) the cannabis plant. 2) the fibre of this plant, extracted from the stem and used to make rope, strong fabrics, paper, etc. 3) the drug cannabis. ORIGIN Old English …   English terms dictionary

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